A Clockwork Orange, is one of the classic Stanley Kubrick, produced in 1971. Was based on the dystopian novel of the same name by Anthony Burgess, whose first published in 1962. In London for a not too distant future, the young Alex De Large (played by Malcolm McDowell) and his friends (or droogs, language Nadsat, created by Burgess), Pete, Georgie and Dim, beat an old beggar, face a gang rival, causing accidents on the highway, assaulting and raping a family home. One day, to rob the mansion of a breeder of cats, Alex is betrayed by his friends and is captured by police. Charged with killing his victim of assault, sentenced to 14 years in prison. However, in the penitentiary, he offers to be guinea pig Ludovico Treatment, which aims to regenerate common criminals by removing the criminal reflection. The Ludovico Technique manipulates the brain using drugs and movies. One of the burning issues of Clockwork Orange is the problem of rehabilitation criminal, or what to do with the growing prison population in the societies of late capital. It is a topic of current acute in central or peripheral capitalist countries, with the growing contingent of unemployed youth and immersed in a deep fiscal crisis. At that time, the harbinger of the crisis of Keynesian-Fordism, the problem of marginal youth was becoming a concern of governments (the issue of social class is important: young Alex, who loves sex, violence and Beethoven, is the only son of a family of British workers). By addressing in 1962 (and in 1971, where Kubrick), the use of neural techniques for social control, Burgess and Kubrick showed his genius, anticipating what is current in our day: the overuse of drugs for the adaptation social. Indeed. behind the Ludovico Technique is one of the salient themes of the films of Kubrick: a discussion of male identity in times of acute alienation and commodity fetishism. A Clockwork Orange can reveal the expressive forms of alienation prevailing in global capitalism.
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